Fluency is much more than expression, pacing, volume, and confidence. Students who read fluently are able to comprehend and take meaning from the text. Teaching this critical skill, a requirement of rigorous standards, calls for a multi-faceted approach, as outlined in this laminated, four-page Quick Reference Guide. It explains the two key components of fluency—automaticity and prosody—and provides assessment techniques for teachers to gauge the level of fluency in learners. It then explores strategies to help students develop fluency, interventions for students who struggle, formative questions for oral reading, and classroom activities to accelerate students’ development of fluency.